×

Install McAfee ENS on CentOS Linux – Standalone

This article covers steps to install and setup McAfee ENS Threat Prevention Standalone setup on a Linux system. McAfee is one of the best and most useful Antivirus product which is being used in the market. 

Install Putty on CentOS 8 - Best Method ?

This article covers how to Install putty on CentOS 8. With putty, you can easily connect your Linux system to a remote system. Putty is a free and open source ssh & telnet client. Putty is available for Windows, Linux, Unix and macOS. Using putty, we can access the remote servers and switches over ssh protocol. It can also be used to take serial console of remote systems.


How to perform Putty Installation on CentOS / RHEL / Fedora ?

Putty package is available in the default CentOS and RHEL repositories. So, to install putty run:

$ sudo yum install putty -y

Or

$ sudo dnfs install putty -y

Install Nmap on CentOS 8 - Best Method ?

This article covers methods to install Nmap on your CentOS machine. Nmap is a handy utility for network scanning and security auditing. Nmap contains variety of options for scanning remote hosts. Have a look at the 15 Mostly Used Nmap Commands for Scanning Remote Hosts.



How to Install Nmap on Debian / Ubuntu ?

1. Install Nmap on Ubuntu by entering the following command:

$ sudo apt-get install nmap

2. The system prompts you to confirm the installation by typing y.

3. After the installation is finished, verify the installed version of Nmap by entering:

$ nmap –version

Install Go on CentOS 8 - Best Method ?

This article covers how to install Go on CentOS 8. Go language was designed to resolve the common criticisms of other languages while maintaining their positive characteristics and most widely used for writing servers these days.


Run the below command to see the version of the Go language:

$ go version

Install Anydesk on CentOS 8 - Best Method ?

This article covers how to install the AnyDesk application on CentOS 8 system using the command-line approach. Once you've installed AnyDesk on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8, you’ll be able to access your Linux system from Windows, Mac, and other Linux based systems. You'll enjoy its simple and user-friendly set up and administration tools which enables you to easily manage remote system.

Install NetBeans on CentOS 8 - Best Method ?

This article covers the installation of Apache NetBeans on the CentOS system. Here, you will learn the entire procedure for the installation of NetBeans that includes downloading, installation, and launching of NetBeans. At the end, you also learned to uninstall Apache NetBeans if you ever have to do that.

Apache NetBeans is a very powerful Integrated Development Environment (IDE) tool that enables you as a Developer create Desktop, Web and Mobile Applications from its modular framework. It supports Java, PHP, HTML, JavaScript, C, C++, Ajax, JSP, Ruby on Rails and other programming languages using extensions.

Install Wireshark on CentOS 8 - Best Method ?

This article covers how to install the Wireshark network analyzer tool on CentOS 8 system. Once Wireshark installed on your system, you can capture incoming and outgoing data packets over the network. Wireshark is free & Open source network packet analyzer that is used for network analysis, troubleshooting, etc. Wireshark is a cross-platform software that is available for various Linux/UNIX distributions, Mac-OS, Solaris, BSD & Windows, etc. It uses GTK to implement user interface & captures packets using PCAP. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Wireshark website.


To Install package called Whireshark using the dnf command. For a GUI Wireshark application execute:

# dnf install wireshark

To install Wireshark command line tool only execute:

# dnf install wireshark-cli



Features of Wireshark includes:

  • Live packet capture & offline analysis.
  • A number of display filters.
  • Support for hundreds of protocol.
  • Rich VOIP analysis.
  • Read/write feature various file formats.
  • Live data can be read from ethernet port, Bluetooth, USB, Token rings tec.

Install Nginx on CentOS 8 - Best Method ?

This article covers how to install the Nginx server on a CentOS machine and add a firewall rule to allow traffic coming towards the Nginx server. Also, we've discussed how to remove Nginx from CentOS.

The Nginx is a free, open source, lightweight and high-performance web server designed for high-traffic use cases. It is also acting as a popular Web server behind the Apache Web server and Microsoft's IIS. Nginx is more resource-friendly than Apache. It can be served in front of other web servers as a reverse proxy.


How to Install Nginx Web Server ?

1. Install the nginx package with:

$ sudo dnf install nginx

2. After the installation is finished, run the following commands to enable and start the server:

$ sudo systemctl enable nginx
$ sudo systemctl start nginx

This will make Nginx start at system boot.

Install Java on CentOS 7 System - Best Method ?

This article covers how to install and manage multiple Java versions on CentOS 7 system. At the end you also learned how to set default Java version. Java is used for developing anything from lightweight mobile to desktop applications.


How to Install Java 8 on CentOS ?

1. Update the system before installing any new programs:

$ yum -y update

2. Install Java 8:

$ yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk

3. Verify Java is Installed

$ java -version

Check CentOS Version - Using Different methods ?

This article covers how to get CentOS version using different methods. There are several ways on how to check what version of CentOS is running on your system. The simplest way to check for the CentOS version number is to execute the cat /etc/centos-release command. Identifying the accurate CentOS version may be required to help you or your support team to troubleshoot your CentOS system.


Different commands to check CentOS version:

  • $ rpm -q centos-release - CentOS version valid for CentOS 6 and higher. Causes to reveal major, minor and asynchronous CentOS version.
  • $ lsb_release -d - Requires redhat-lsb package to be installed before execution.
  • $ rpm -E %{rhel} - RPM macro to reveal a major CentOS version.
  • $ rpm --eval %{centos_ver} - RPM macro to display a major version of CentOS.
  • $ cat /etc/centos-release - Linux cat command to output content of the /etc/centos-release .to query CentOS version. Works with CentOS 6 and higher.

Install and Use Curl command on CentOS 8 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install the Curl command-line tool on CentOS 8 system. Through the curl command, users can download and upload files over the network. curl is a powerful command-line tool for transferring data from or to a remote server. With curl you can download or upload data using various network protocols, such as HTTP, HTTPS, SCP , SFTP , and FTP .


How to Install curl on CentOS ?

Curl package is available in the standard CentOS 8 repositories. 

To install it run the following command:

$ sudo dnf install curl

Once the installation is complete, verify it by typing curl in your terminal:

$ curl

Install Vivaldi Browser on Linux Mint 20 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install Vivaldi browser and concluded with its uninstallation method from a Linux system. Vivaldi is a next generation open source web browser that runs on Windows, Linux, macOS and on mobile devices. It comes with unique features and is created to be fast and secure browser that blocks ads and trackers. 

To Launch and Use Vivaldi Browser on Linux Mint 20:

Start the browser from terminal:

$ vivaldi


How to Install Vivaldi Web Browser on Linux Mint / Kali Linux ?

1. Start by importing the GPG key used for verification during installation.

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt -y install wget gnupg2 software-properties-common
$ wget -qO- https://repo.vivaldi.com/archive/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add -

2. Then run the commands below to add the repository to your system.

echo 'deb https://repo.vivaldi.com/archive/deb/ stable main' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/vivaldi.list

3. A final step is the installation of Vivaldi Web Browser on Linux Mint / Kali Linux.

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install vivaldi-stable

Hit the y key in your keyboard to start installation.

Install Microsoft Teams on CentOS 8 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install Microsoft Teams on CentOS machine using different methods. You can either install Microsoft Teams by downloading and installing its RPM package from the official website or you can install the snap package. Microsoft Teams is a communication platform used for Chat, Calling, Meetings, and Collaboration. Generally, it is used by companies and individuals working on projects. Microsoft Teams is available for macOS, Windows, and Linux operating systems available now.


How to Install Microsoft Teams Linux on CentOS 8 ?

By default, Microsoft Teams Linux package is not available in the CentOS 8 default repository. You will need to download the RPM package for it. 

1. You can download it with the following command:

$ cd /tmp
$ wget https://packages.microsoft.com/yumrepos/ms-teams/teams-1.3.00.5153-1.x86_64.rpm

2. Once the package is downloaded, install the downloaded package with the following command:

$ dnf install teams-1.3.00.5153-1.x86_64.rpm


How to Remove Microsoft Teams from CentOS ?

1. To remove Microsoft Teams Linux from the CentOS 8, run the following command:

$ dnf remove teams

2. To remove Microsoft Teams Linux from the Ubuntu 18.04, run the following command:

$ dpkg -r teams

Install Arduino IDE on CentOS 8 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install Arduino IDE on CentOS machine either via the direct download method or the snap method. Also, you will learn how to uninstall Arduino. Arduino IDE stands for the "Arduino Integrated Development Environment". Arduino is used to create electronic devices that communicate with their environment using actuators and sensors. Arduino IDE contains an editor that is used for writing and uploading programs to the Arduino board. Before starting to create projects through Arduino, the user needs to set up an IDE for the programmable board.


How to Launch Arduino IDE on CentOS Linux System ?

Now, you will launch the Arduino IDE from the desktop. Click on 'Activities' and select show application form where you will launch Ardunio IDE to double click on the application icon.

You can also launch using the search bar, click on the 'Activities' where you can see a search bar. You will type 'Arduino' in the search bar.

Install LAMP Stack on CentOS 7 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install LAMP stack on CentOS 7. LAMP is a stack of applications that work together on a web server to host a website. With that being said, each individual program serves a different purpose.

In LAMP: 

  • Linux serves as the server's operating system that handles all the commands on the machine.
  • Apache is a web server software that manages HTTP requests to deliver your website's content.
  • MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) whose function is to maintain user's data on a server.
  • PHP is a scripting language for server-side communication.


To install Apache easily using CentOS's package manager, yum:

1. Run the command.

$ sudo yum install httpd

2. Once it installs, you can start Apache on your server.

$ sudo systemctl start httpd.service

3. You can do a spot check right away to verify that everything went as planned by visiting your server's public IP address in your web browser.

http://your_server_IP_address/


Important PHP Modules:

  • php-bcmath.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the bcmath library.
  • php-cli.x86_64 : Command-line interface for PHP.
  • php-common.x86_64 : Common files for PHP.
  • php-dba.x86_64 : A database abstraction layer module for PHP applications.
  • php-devel.x86_64 : Files needed for building PHP extensions.
  • php-embedded.x86_64 : PHP library for embedding in applications.
  • php-enchant.x86_64 : Enchant spelling extension for PHP applications.
  • php-fpm.x86_64 : PHP FastCGI Process Manager.
  • php-gd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library.

Install Skype on CentOS 7 System - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install Skype on your CentOS 7 desktop system. Running Skype on CentOS/Fedora allows you to make Skype calls, group video calls, instant messaging, phone number calls, and screen sharing.


How to Install Skype on CentOS | Fedora ?

The easiest and quickest way to install Skype on Fedora 34/33/32/31/30 is by using the RPM package. 


1. Download the package using wget command:

$ wget https://repo.skype.com/latest/skypeforlinux-64.rpm

2. Install Skype by running the commands:

### On CentOS and Red Hat systems ###
$ sudo yum localinstall skypeforlinux-64.rpm
### On Fedora 22+ systems ###
$ sudo dnf localinstall skypeforlinux-64.rpm

3. Use the following command to launch Skype from the command line and accept terms and conditions for the first time.

$ skypeforlinux

Set Up SSH Keys on CentOS 7 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to create a new SSH key pair and set up an SSH key-based authentication. You can set up same key to multiple remote hosts on CentOS system. Also, you will learn how to disable SSH password authentication.

SSH, or secure shell, is an encrypted protocol used to administer and communicate with servers. When working with a CentOS server, chances are, you will spend most of your time in a terminal session connected to your server through SSH.

SSH keys are typically configured in an authorized_keys file in . ssh subdirectory in the user's home directory. Typically a system administrator would first create a key using ssh-keygen and then install it as an authorized key on a server using the ssh-copy-id tool.

The public key should be stored in the ~/. ssh/authorized_keys file on the server.


To Create the RSA Key Pair:

1. Execute the command below to create a key pair on the client machine (usually your computer):

$ ssh-keygen

2. Press ENTER to save the key pair into the .ssh/ subdirectory in your home directory, or specify an alternate path.


Best Practices to improve SSH Key Security:

  • Discover all SSH Keys and Bring Under Active Management.
  • Ensure SSH Keys Are Associated With a Single Individual.
  • Enforce Minimal Levels of User Rights Through PoLP.
  • Stay Attentive to SSH Key Rotation.
  • Eliminate Hardcoded SSH Keys.
  • Audit All Privileged Session Activity.

Stop and Disable Firewalld on CentOS 7 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to stop and disable FirewallD on your CentOS 7 system. Firewalld is a complete firewall solution that has been made available by default on all CentOS 7 servers. It is highly recommended that you have another firewall protecting your network or server before, or immediately after, disabling firewalld.


How to manage Firewalld ?

1. To disable firewalld, run the following command as root:

$ systemctl disable firewalld

2. To Stop Firewalld, execute the following command as root:

$ systemctl stop firewalld

3. To check the status of firewalld, run the following command as root:

$ systemctl status firewalld

Install Iptables on CentOS 7 Server - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to disable FirewallD and install and iptables on CentOS 7 server. The iptables service stores configuration in /etc/sysconfig/iptables and /etc/sysconfig/ip6tables , while firewalld stores it in various XML files in /usr/lib/firewalld/ and /etc/firewalld/ . 

Note that the /etc/sysconfig/iptables file does not exist as firewalld is installed by default on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

FirewallD is a complete firewall solution that can be controlled with a command-line utility called firewall-cmd. If you are more comfortable with the Iptables command line syntax, then you can disable FirewallD and go back to the classic iptables setup.


To Install and Use Iptables Linux Firewall:

1. Connect to your server via SSH.

2. Execute the following command one by one: 

$ sudo apt-get update 
$ sudo apt-get install iptables

3. Check the status of your current iptables configuration by running:

$ sudo iptables -L -v


Location of iptables rules on CentOS ?

CentOS 7 uses FirewallD by default. If you would like to manage iptables/ip6tables rules directly without using FirewallD, you may use the old good iptables-services service which will load the iptables/ip6tables rules saved in /etc/sysconfig/iptables and /etc/sysconfig/ip6tables when it is started during boot time.

Configure Firewall with FirewallD on CentOS 7

This article covers how to configure and manage the FirewallD service on your CentOS system. A Linux firewall used to protect your workstation or server from unwanted traffic. You can set up rules to either block traffic or allow through. You can add or delete or update firewall rules without restarting the firewall daemon or service. The firewall-cmd act as a frontend for the nftables. In CentOS 8 nftables replaces iptables as the default Linux network packet filtering framework. 


To Start and enable firewalld, run the commands:

$ sudo systemctl start firewalld
$ sudo systemctl enable firewalld

To Stop and disable firewalld, run the commands:

$ sudo systemctl stop firewalld
$ sudo systemctl disable firewalld

To Check the firewalld status, run the command:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --state

To Command to reload a firewalld configuration when you make change to rules, run the command:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --reload

To Get the status of the firewalld service, run the command:

$ sudo systemctl status firewalld

Install MariaDB on CentOS 7 Server - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install and Secure MariaDB on a CentOS 7 server. MariaDB is a fork of MySQL managed by the original MySQL developers. It's designed as a replacement for MySQL, uses some commands that reference mysql, and is the default package on CentOS 7.


To Install MariaDB 5.5 on CentOS 7:

1. Install the MariaDB package using the yum package manager: 

$ sudo yum install mariadb-server

2. Once the installation is complete, start the MariaDB service and enable it to start on boot using the following commands: 

$ sudo systemctl start mariadb 
$ sudo systemctl enable mariadb


To install MariaDB on CentOS 8:

1. Open the terminal application. Another option is to log in using the ssh command:

 ssh user@centos-8-server-ip

2. Install the MariaDB on CentOS 8 by running the command:

$ sudo yum install mariadb-server

3. Secure the MariaDB server in CentOS 8 by running the command:

$ sudo mysql_secure_installation

4. Finally test MariaDB installation by running the command:

$ mysql -u root -p


MariaDB vs MySQL:

Even though MariaDB is a fork of MySQL, these two database management systems are still quite different: 

MariaDB is fully GPL licensed while MySQL takes a dual-license approach.

MariaDB supports a lot of different storage engines. 

In many scenarios, MariaDB offers improved performance.

Install LEMP Stack on CentOS 7 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install LEMP stack on CentOS 7. LEMP stands for the Linux operating system, with the ENginx web server (which replaces the Apache component of a LAMP stack). The site data is stored in a MySQL-based database, and dynamic content is processed by PHP.

A LEMP software stack is basically a group of open source software that is typically installed together to enable a server to host dynamic websites and web apps.


To install Nginx on CentOS:

1. Add the CentOS 7 EPEL repository, run the following command:

$ sudo yum install epel-release

2. Now that the EPEL repository is installed on your server, install Nginx using the following yum command:

$ sudo yum install nginx

3. Once the installation is finished, start the Nginx service with:

$ sudo systemctl start nginx

Install phpMyAdmin with Nginx on CentOS 7 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install phpMyAdmin with Nginx on CentOS 7 system. phpMyAdmin helps to handle the database administration of MySQL, MariaDB and Drizzle servers over the web. It basically provides the intuitive web interface and supports most of the MySQL features to create and drop databases, create/drop/alter tables, delete/edit/add columns, execute any SQL statement and to manage indexes on columns.


To install phpMyAdmin, run the following commands:

# yum install epel-release
# yum install phpmyadmin


To restart nginx, mariadb and php-fpm services, run the following commands:

# systemctl restart mariadb.service
# systemctl restart nginx.service
# systemctl restart php-fpm.service

Install phpMyAdmin with Apache on CentOS 7 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to Install phpMyAdmin with Apache on CentOS 7 system. phpMyAdmin is a database utility used for managing MySQL databases through a graphical web-based interface. It can be configured to manage a local database (on the same system), or a remote database (over a network).


To Install EPEL Repository:

1. Get access to the EPEL repository – the Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux, by running the command.

$ sudo yum install -y epel-release

2. Once that operation finishes, it's a good idea to refresh and update the EPEL repository.

$ sudo yum –y update


To Install Apache Web Server:

1. Install Apache on CentOS use the command.

$ yum install httpd -y

2. Verify the status of Apache by running with the command.

$ systemctl status httpd


To install PHPMyAdmin on CentOS, enter the command:

$ sudo yum -y install phpmyadmin

Secure Nginx with Let's Encrypt on CentOS 7 - How to do it ?

This article covers how to use the certbot Let’s Encrypt client to obtain a free SSL certificate and use it with Nginx on CentOS 7. 

Let's Encrypt is a new Certificate Authority (CA) that provides an easy way to obtain and install free TLS/SSL certificates, thereby enabling encrypted HTTPS on web servers. It simplifies the process by providing a software client, Certbot, that attempts to automate most (if not all) of the required steps. 

Currently, the entire process of obtaining and installing a certificate is fully automated on both Apache and Nginx web servers.


To Install the Certbot Let's Encrypt Client:

1. Enable access to the EPEL repository on your server by typing:

$ sudo yum install epel-release

2. Once the repository has been enabled, you can obtain the certbot-nginx package by typing:

$ sudo yum install certbot-nginx


How to Install Nginx on CentOS ?

1. To install Nginx, run the command:

$ sudo yum install nginx

2. Then, start Nginx using systemctl:

$ sudo systemctl start nginx


How to configure firewall on CentOS ?

If you have a firewall enabled, make sure port 80 and 443 are open to incoming traffic.

1. If you have a firewalld firewall running, you can open these ports by typing:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --add-service=http
$ sudo firewall-cmd --add-service=https
$ sudo firewall-cmd --runtime-to-permanent

2. If have an iptables firewall running, the commands you need to run are highly dependent on your current rule set. For a basic rule set, you can add HTTP and HTTPS access by typing:

$ sudo iptables -I INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
$ sudo iptables -I INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT

Configure Nginx Server Blocks on CentOS 7 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to create an Nginx server block configuration to host multiple website on a single CentOS server.

Server Blocks, often referred to as Nginx virtual host are a feature of the Nginx web server that allows you to host multiple websites on one server.

To Test NGINX configuration file, run the command:

$ sudo nginx --t

If the syntax is OK, the output tells you the test was successful.


To restart your Nginx web server and confirm that it's running as expected:

$ sudo systemctl restart nginx
$ sudo systemctl status Nginx


To Enable HTTPS on Domain Hosted on Nginx:

You may consider encrypting your domain using Lets Encrypt SSL to add a layer of protection and secure traffic to and from the webserver:

$ sudo dnf install certbot python3-certbot-nginx
$ sudo certbot --nginx

Install Nginx on CentOS 7 Server - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to Install and configure Nginx on your CentOS 7 server. Now you can deploy your applications and use Nginx as a web or proxy server. 

Nginx is a high performance web server software. It is a much more flexible and lightweight program than Apache HTTP Server.


To Install Nginx Web Server on CentOS 8:

1. Install the nginx package with:

$ sudo dnf install nginx

When prompted, enter y to confirm that you want to install nginx. After that, dnf will install Nginx and any required dependencies to your server.

2. After the installation is finished, run the following commands to enable and start the server:

$ sudo systemctl enable nginx
$ sudo systemctl start nginx

This will make Nginx start at system boot.


To configure Firewall Rules on CentOS for Nginx:

1. Run the following command to permanently enable HTTP connections on port 80:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http

2. To verify that the http firewall service was added correctly, you can run:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --list-all

3. To apply the changes, you'll need to reload the firewall service:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Secure Apache with Let's Encrypt on CentOS 7 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to secure Apache with Let's Encrypt SSL on CentOS 7 using Certbot client. Also, you will learn how to set up a cronjob for automatic certificate renewal. Basically, A security certificate is critical for securing traffic sent from web browsers to web servers. Let's Encrypt certificate is a free, open and automated certificate authority that you can use to encrypt your site. The certificate expires after every 90 days and auto-renews at absolutely no cost.


To Install Certbot in CentOS 8.

Certbot is a client that automates the installation of the security certificate. It fetches the certificate from Let's encrypt authority and deploys it on your web server without much of a hassle.

1. Before downloading certbot, first, install packages that are necessary for the configuration of an encrypted connection:

$ sudo dnf install mod_ssl openssl

2. Download certbot using the curl command:

$ sudo curl -O https://dl.eff.org/certbot-auto

3. Next, move the certbot file to the /usr/local/bin directory and assign the execute file permissions:

$ sudo mv certbot-auto /usr/local/bin
$ sudo chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/certbot-auto


To Assign the permissions to the Document root of a domain:

$ sudo chown -R apache:apache /var/www/domain.com

For the changes to come into effect, restart the Apache service:

$ sudo systemctl restart httpd

Install MySQL on CentOS 7 Server - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install and secure a MySQL server on a CentOS 7 server. MySQL is one of the most widely used database management systems for websites and server applications.


To start the MySQL server daemon with the following command:

$ sudo systemctl start mysqld

systemctl doesn't display the outcome of all service management commands, so to be sure we succeeded, we'll use the following command:

$ sudo systemctl status mysqld

To configure MySQL, run the following command:

$ sudo mysql_secure_installation

To Current MySQL Version, run the command:

$ mysql -u root -p


Terms used in Managing MySQL User Permissions:

  • SELECT – users can read through the database using the select command.
  • CREATE – they can generate new tables.
  • DROP – allows users to remove tables.
  • DELETE – users can take out rows from tables.
  • INSERT – lets users add in rows into tables.
  • UPDATE – enable them to update the rows.
  • GRANT OPTION – they can grant or remove the privileges of other users.

Configure Apache Virtual Hosts on CentOS 7

This article covers method to easily configure Apache virtual hosts. You repeat same procedure for multiple domain.

You can use yum to install Apache through CentOS's default software repositories:

$ sudo yum -y install httpd

Next, enable Apache as a CentOS service so that it will automatically start after a reboot:

$ sudo systemctl enable httpd.service


How to Set Up Local Hosts File ?

If you are on a Mac or Linux computer, edit your local hosts file with administrative privileges by typing:

$ sudo nano /etc/hosts

The details that you need to add are the public IP address of your VPS followed by the domain that you want to use to reach that VPS:

127.0.0.1   localhost
127.0.1.1   guest-desktop
server_ip_address example.com
server_ip_address example2.com

This will direct any requests for example.com and example2.com on our local computer and send them to our server at server_ip_address.

Install PHP 7.4, 7.3, 7.2, 7.1 on CentOS 7 & CentOS 8 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install specific version of PHP 7 on CentOS 7 Linux server. PHP is a programming language often used to automate server tasks. It is part of the LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) stack, which is a bundle of software used for running internet servers and services. PHP handles dynamic content, database requests, and processing and displaying data.


To Verify PHP Version:

You can Check which version of PHP you are running with the command:

$ php –v


To Install PHP with Apache on CentOS:

1. Start by installing the yum-utils package by entering the following command in a terminal window:

$ sudo yum install yum-utils –y

2. Then, enable the epel-release repository by entering the following:

$ sudo yum install epel-release –y

3. Finally, add the following software repositories that contain the PHP packages:

$ sudo yum install http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm

4. For PHP 7.3, you can enable PHP 7.3. Install the release with the following commands:

$ sudo yum-config-manager ––enable remi–php73
$ sudo yum install php php-common php-opcache php-mcrypt php-cli php-gd php-curl php-mysql –y

Install Apache on CentOS 7 Server - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install Apache on your CentOS 7 system. You can now ready to start deploying your applications and use Apache as a web server.

Basically, The Apache HTTP server is the most widely-used web server in the world. It provides many powerful features including dynamically loadable modules, robust media support, and extensive integration with other popular software.


To Install Apache on CentOS:

1. Update the local Apache httpd package index to reflect the latest upstream changes:

$ sudo yum update httpd

2. Once the packages are updated, install the Apache package:

$ sudo yum install httpd

3. Enable firewalld's http service with the following command:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http

4. Configure Apache to serve content over HTTPS, you will also want to open up port 443 by enabling the https service:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=https

5. Finally, reload the firewall to put these new rules into effect:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Create a Sudo User on CentOS - How to do it ?

This article covers how to create a user with sudo privileges. You can now log in to your CentOS server with this user account and use sudo to run administrative commands.

Performing server administration as a non-root user is a best practice.

For security, your first task when deploying a CentOS instance is to create a non-root user with sudo access.


How to Add a New User Account on CentOS Linux System ?

1. To Create a new user account with the adduser command:

# adduser example_user

2. Set a strong password for the new user (new_user) with passwd.

# passwd new_user

Install Flameshot on CentOS 8 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers how to install the flameshot application on CentOS 8.

You will also learn how you can remove it from your CentOS 8 if you don’t need more on your system.

Main features of flameshot includes:
1. Supports graphical and CLI mode.
2. Edit images instantly.
3. Image uploads to Imgur.
4. Export and import configuration.
5. Easy to use and customizable.

To Install Flameshot in Linux:
Flameshot can be installed using package managers. Before installing through this method make sure you verify the version that ships with your OS:

$ sudo dnf install flameshot  # Rhel, Centos, Fedora
$ sudo apt install flameshot  # Debian, Ubuntu-based distro 

OR
# Ubuntu based distribution

$ wget https://github.com/flameshot-org/flameshot/releases/download/v0.9.0/flameshot-0.9.0-1.ubuntu-20.04.amd64.deb
$ dpkg -i flameshot-0.9.0-1.ubuntu-20.04.amd64.deb

# Rhel based distribution

$ wget https://github.com/flameshot-org/flameshot/releases/download/v0.9.0/flameshot-0.9.0-1.fc32.x86_64.rpm
$ rpm -i flameshot-0.9.0-1.fc32.x86_64.rpm

Install MongoDB on CentOS 8 - Step by Step Process ?

This article covers MongoDB installation on CentOS 8 system.

Instead, it uses JSON-like documents with dynamic schemas, meaning that, unlike relational databases, MongoDB does not require a predefined schema before you add data to a database. 

You can alter the schema at any time and as often as is necessary without having to set up a new database with an updated schema.


How to Start the MongoDB Service and Test the Database on Ubuntu?

1. Run the following systemctl command to start the MongoDB service:

# sudo systemctl start mongod

2. Then check the service's status:

# sudo systemctl status mongod

This command will return output like the following, indicating that the service is up and running

3. After confirming that the service is running as expected, enable the MongoDB service to start up at boot:

# sudo systemctl enable mongod


How to Managing the MongoDB Service on Ubuntu?

1. The systemctl status command checks the status of the MongoDB service:

# sudo systemctl status mongod

2. You can stop the service anytime by typing:

# sudo systemctl stop mongod

3. To start the service when it’s stopped, run:

# sudo systemctl start mongod

4. You can also restart the server when it’s already running:

# sudo systemctl restart mongod

5. If you ever wish to disable this automatic startup, type:

# sudo systemctl disable mongod

6. Then to re-enable it to start up at boot, run the enable command again:

# sudo systemctl enable mongod

Install XAMPP on CentOS 8 - Step by Step process to do this ?

This article covers how to install XAMPP on your CentOS system. XAMPP is an easy to install and use Apache distribution packaged with MariaDB, PHP, and Perl.

XAMPP was first developed by a project team called Apache Friends. As an open-source Apache distribution of a PHP development environment, it consists of cross-platform software (X): Apache (A), MariaDB (M), PHP (P) and Perl (P). 


To install XAMPP on CentOS 8 Linux system:

1. Update system

Ensure your CentOS system is updated.

$ sudo dnf -y update
$ sudo dnf -y install libnsl

2. Download XAMPP on CentOS 8

Install wget on CentOS 8:

$ sudo dnf -y install wget

Download XAMPP installer. Choose the installer matching the PHP version you want to have.

### PHP 8.0 ###

$ wget https://www.apachefriends.org/xampp-files/8.0.1/xampp-linux-x64-8.0.1-0-installer.run

### PHP 7.4 ###

$ wget https://www.apachefriends.org/xampp-files/7.4.14/xampp-linux-x64-7.4.14-0-installer.run

### PHP 7.3 ###

$ wget https://www.apachefriends.org/xampp-files/7.3.26/xampp-linux-x64-7.3.26-0-installer.run

3. The binary installer should be executable.

### PHP 8.0 ###

$ chmod a+x xampp-linux-x64-8.0.1-0-installer.run

### PHP 7.4 ###

$ chmod a+x xampp-linux-x64-7.4.14-0-installer.run

### PHP 7.3 ###

$ chmod a+x xampp-linux-x64-7.3.26-0-installer.run

4. Then run the XAMP installer:

### PHP 8.0 ###

$ sudo ./xampp-linux-x64-8.0.1-0-installer.run

### PHP 7.4 ###

$ sudo ./xampp-linux-x64-7.4.14-0-installer.run

### PHP 7.3 ###

$ sudo ./xampp-linux-x64-7.3.26-0-installer.run


How to Start and use XAMPP on CentOS 8:

XAMPP is installed to /opt/lampp/. To start XAMPP services, run:

$ sudo /opt/lampp/lampp start

To verify installation of XAMPP on CentOS 8 visit the Apache web page:

http://localhost


Stopping and Uninstalling XAMPP on CentOS 8:

To stop XAMPP services run:

$ sudo /opt/lampp/lampp stop

To uninstall XAMPP on CentOS 8, run:

$ cd /opt/lampp
$ sudo ./uninstall
$ sudo rm-rf /opt/lampp

Install Sublime Text Editor on CentOS 8 - Step by Step process to do it ?

This article covers how to install sublime text editor on the CentOS 8 system through the terminal. Sublime text editor is quite similar to vim editor. Sublime text has a built-in Python API available in Windows, Linux, and Mac OS.


To install Sublime Text on Ubuntu:

1. Install the GPG key:

$ wget -qO - https://download.sublimetext.com/sublimehq-pub.gpg | sudo apt-key add -

2. Ensure apt is set up to work with https sources:

$ sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https

3. Select the channel to use:

i. Stable

$ echo "deb https://download.sublimetext.com/ apt/stable/" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/sublime-text.list

ii. Dev

$ echo "deb https://download.sublimetext.com/ apt/dev/" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/sublime-text.list

4. Update apt sources and install Sublime Text:

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install sublime-text


To fix yum-config-manager command not found:

You need to Install yum-utils by running the command below:

$ yum install yum-utils

Install TeamViewer on CentOS 8 - Step by Step process to get it done ?

This article covers how to install TeamViewer on the CentOS system. Additionally, you will learn how to install, launch, and update TeamViewer on CentOS.

We have also covered how to uninstall TeamViewer in case you no longer need it on your system. 

For some more help regarding TeamViewer, run teamviewer help in Terminal.

TeamViewer is a Robust cross-platform solution that provides secure remote access, remote control, and remote support solution across devices. 

The data traffic between devices are encrypted which makes the TeamViewer very secure. 

This software is available for “Linux, Windows, Mac, Chrome OS” and even for mobile devices like "iOS, Android, and so on".


To Install TeamViewer on CentOS 8:

1. Enable EPEL Repo on CentOS 8

You can install EPEL repo using the below command. This command will enable the repo if it is not already installed:

$ sudo yum install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm -y

2. Now you can proceed further to install TeamViewer on CentOS 8:

$ sudo yum install teamviewer.x86_64.rpm -y

3. Once the package is installed you can start using team viewer:

$ teamviewer

Install Skype on CentOS 8 - Step by Step process to implement it ?

This article covers how to install skype on the CentOS 8 system. One is using the RPM skype repository and another one is through the snap tool. 

Running Skype on CentOS/Fedora allows you to make Skype calls, group video calls, instant messaging, phone number calls, and screen sharing.


To Install Skype on CentOS:

1. Execute the command;

$ sudo yum localinstall skypeforlinux-64.rpm

2. Press y when prompted to confirm installation.


To Launch Skype on CentOS:

After successful installation, search Skype on your Desktop Environment search bar.

Install Apache Web Server on CentOS 8 - Step by Step process to do it ?

This article covers how to install Apache web server on CentOS 8 distribution. With Apache we server, you can host web pages over the network. Apache is available within CentOS's default software repositories, which means you can install it with the dnf package manager.


To install Apache on CentOS:

1. Execute the command below to install the Apache package:

$ sudo dnf install httpd

After confirming the installation, dnf will install Apache and all required dependencies.

2. If you also plan to configure Apache to serve content over HTTPS, you will also want to open up port 443 by enabling the https service:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=https

3. Next, reload the firewall to put these new rules into effect:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --reload

After the firewall reloads, you are ready to start the service and check the web server.


To check your Apache Web Server:

1. Apache does not automatically start on CentOS once the installation completes, so you will need to start the Apache process manually:

$ sudo systemctl start httpd

2. Verify that the service is running with the following command:

$ sudo systemctl status httpd

You will receive an active status when the service is running.


To manage the Apache Process on CentOS:

Now that the service is installed and running, you can now use different systemctl commands to manage the service.

1. To stop your web server, type:

$ sudo systemctl stop httpd

2. To start the web server when it is stopped, type:

$ sudo systemctl start httpd

3. To stop and then start the service again, type:

$ sudo systemctl restart httpd

4. If you are simply making configuration changes, Apache can often reload without dropping connections. To do this, use this command:

$ sudo systemctl reload httpd

5. By default, Apache is configured to start automatically when the server boots. If this is not what you want, disable this behavior by typing:

$ sudo systemctl disable httpd

6. To re-enable the service to start up at boot, type:

$ sudo systemctl enable httpd

Apache will now start automatically when the server boots again.

Install Zimbra Collaboration Suite (ZCS) on CentOS 8 - Step by step process to do it ?

This article covers how to install Zimbra mail server on CentOS & RHEL systems. Zimbra offers two editions, the commercially supported edition called 'Network Edition' & a free/open-source version called 'Open Source Edition'. 

Zimbra Collaboration Suite (ZCS) is a collaborative software suite that includes a mail & chat server with a web client.


Main components of Zimbra Mail and Collaboration Server are:

1. Zimbra Core: These are basic libraries, utilities, monitoring tools, and basic configuration files.

2. Zimbra LDAP: This has the OpenLDAP LDAP directory server that provides authentication and configs store for users and other zimbra components.

3. Zimbra MTA (mail routing server): Has Postfix mail transfer agent (MTA) that receives email via SMTP and routes each message to the appropriate Zimbra mailbox server using Local Mail Transfer Protocol (LMTP). It also includes the anti-virus and anti-spam components.

4. Zimbra Store (Zimbra server): The mailbox server includes Data store, Message store and Index store for the mailboxes on the server. When a mail arrives, the Zimbra server schedules a thread to have the message indexed in the index store.

5. Zimbra-SNMP: This is an optional component for for monitoring and it runs on every server (Zimbra server, Zimbra LDAP, Zimbra MTA). Swatch is used to watch the syslog output to generate SNMP traps.

6. Zimbra Logger: This is an optional component for the mailbox server. It installs tools for syslog aggregation, reporting, and message tracing. This is required for the message trace feature.


To Edit your hosts file on Ubuntu:

1. $ nano –w /etc/hosts

You should have this line

Ip_address server.domain.com server

Update it as per your server information.

2. Press ctrl key + o to save

3. Press ctrl key + x to exit

4. Restart your server to take effect all the changes

$ reboot


To install Zimbra on Ubuntu server:

1. Install Zimbra prerequisites

$ apt-get update 

$ apt-get install libgmp10 libperl5.18 libaio1 pax sysstat sqlite3

2. Download Zimbra Email Server

$ wget https://files.zimbra.com/downloads/8.6.0_GA/zcs8.6.0_GA_1153.UBUNTU14_64.20141215151116.tgz

3. Unpack the file

tar xzvf zcs-8.6.0_GA_1153.UBUNTU14_64.20141215151116.tgz

4. Go to Zimbra forder

cd zcs-8.6.0_GA_1153.UBUNTU14_64.20141215151116

5. Begin installation

./install.sh

NOTE : While running the install.sh command you will be prompted with the following questions.

Do you agree with the terms of the software license agreements? [N] Y

Install zimbra-ldap [Y] Enter

Install zimbra-logger [Y] Enter

Install zimbra-mta [Y] Enter

Install zimbra-dnscache [Y] N Enter

Install zimbra-snmp [Y] Enter

Install zimbra-store [Y] Enter

Install zimbra-apache [Y] Enter

Install zimbra-spell [Y] Enter

Install zimbra-memcached [Y] Enter

Install zimbra-proxy [Y] Enter

The System will be modified. Continue? [N] Y Enter

NOTE: Do not install dnscache because we already installed bind9.

Sometimes it takes for a while to install some packages.

You will receive this error:

DNS ERROR resolving server.domain.com server

Change hostname [Yes] Enter

Please enter the logical hostname for this host [server.domain.com] domain.com

Ports conflicts detected! – Press Enter /Return key to continue Enter

Setup a password for admin account.

Create and Run a Shell Script in CentOS 8 - Step by step process to do it ?

This article covers how to create and run a simple shell script in CentOS 8 system. With this, you can easily create and run even complex scripts and automate repetitive tasks. 

If you are using other Linux distributions, you can visit our posts on how to create and run a shell script in Ubuntu , Debian , and Linux Mint .


An SH file is a script programmed for bash, a type of Unix shell (Bourne-Again SHell). It contains instructions written in the Bash language and can be executed by typing text commands within the shell's command-line interface.


To write and execute a script:

1. Open the terminal. Go to the directory where you want to create your script.

2. Create a file with . sh extension.

3. Write the script in the file using an editor.

4. Make the script executable with command chmod +x <fileName>.

5. Run the script using ./<fileName>.

Change Date, Time, and Time Zone in CentOS 8 - How to do it ?

This article covers how you can easily adjust the time, date, and time zone of your system in CentOS 8.

To change the time zone in Linux systems use the sudo timedatectl set-timezone command followed by the long name of the time zone you want to set.


How to Synchronize Time on Installed Linux Operating Systems ?

1. On the Linux machine, log in as root.

2. Run the ntpdate -u <ntpserver> command to update the machine clock. For example, ntpdate -u ntp-time.

3. Open the /etc/ntp. conf file and add the NTP servers used in your environment.

4. Run the service ntpd start command to start the NTP service and implement you configuration changes.


Importance of man command in Linux:

man command in Linux is used to display the user manual of any command that we can run on the terminal. 

It provides a detailed view of the command which includes NAME, SYNOPSIS, DESCRIPTION, OPTIONS, EXIT STATUS, RETURN VALUES, ERRORS, FILES, VERSIONS, EXAMPLES, AUTHORS.

Install Slack on CentOS 8 - Step by Step process to perform it ?

This article covers how you can easily install slack platform on your CentOS 8 Linux system through the command line. 

Using a slack application, team members of an organization can unify all conversations from different sources.


Slack is one of the most popular collaboration platforms in the world that brings all your communication together. 

Conversations in Slack are organized in channels. 

You can create channels for your teams, projects, topics, or any other purpose. 

You can search through everything that's been posted in channels or your messages. 

Slack also allows you to talk with your teammates over audio or video calls and share documents, images, videos, and other files.


To Install Slack on CentOS:

1. Update system

sudo yum -y update

2. Download and Install Slack on CentOS

sudo yum -y install wget

wget https://downloads.slack-edge.com/linux_releases/slack-3.4.0-0.1.fc21.x86_64.rpm

sudo  yum -y install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm

sudo yum localinstall slack-3.4.0-0.1.fc21.x86_64.rpm

3. Start and Use Slack

Now that Slack is installed on your CentOS / RHEL 8 desktop, you can launch it through the command line,

$ slack

Install Opera Browser on CentOS 8 - Step by step process to perform it ?

This article covers how to install the Opera browser using different ways on CentOS 8. We have also shown how you can install packages by using the wget command. Opera browser is amazing on your CentOS 8 system.


To install Opera browser on CentOS:

1. Add Opera YUM repository

Run the following commands to manually add the Opera RPM repository to your RHEL / CentOS 8 system.

$ sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/opera.repo <<RPMREPO

[opera]

name=Opera packages

type=rpm-md

baseurl=https://rpm.opera.com/rpm

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=https://rpm.opera.com/rpmrepo.key

enabled=1

RPMREPO

2. Install Opera Browser on RHEL 8 / CentOS 8

Use yum package manager command to install Opera Browser on RHEL 8 / CentOS 8.

$ sudo yum -y install opera-stable

3. Wait for the installation to complete then launch the browser from the CLI:

$ opera 

Install Wine on CentOS 8 - Step by Step process to do it ?

This article covers how to install Wine on CentOS 8. With the use of this package, you can easily use the native Windows applications on CentOS 8. However, you can also remove this package from your CentOS 8 system to conserve the memory whenever you want.


How to Install Wine 4 on CentOS 8:

Install EPEL Repos on CentOS 8

Wine is not included in the default CentOS 8 repositories but however available on EPEL repos. Therefore, run the command below to install EPEL repos:

$ dnf install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm


To run Wine on CentOS 8:

Wine command takes the following syntax.

$ wine program [arguments]

To obtain help on Wine usage;

$ wine --help

Consult man pages for Wine for more insight.

$ man wine

Before you can use Wine to run Windows applications, reboot your system to setup the Wine environment.

$ systemctl reboot

Install and Run Python on CentOS 8 - How to do it ?

This article covers how to install python2 and python3 on CentOS 8. By default, python2 and python3 are not installed on CentOS 8. To install both, you need to install all python packages separately according to python versions. Also, you can run python2 and python3 environments on your system. 

The 'alternatives --auto python' command is used to set any python version as the default. 


To run Python in Linux:

A widely used way to run Python code is through an interactive session. 

To start a Python interactive session, just open a command-line or terminal and then type in python, or python3 depending on your Python installation, and then hit Enter .


Python comes preinstalled on most Linux distributions, and is available as a package on all others. 

However there are certain features you might want to use that are not available on your distro's package. 

You can easily compile the latest version of Python from source.


Installing Python 3 on Linux:

1. To see which version of Python 3 you have installed, open a command prompt and run

$ python3 --version

2. If you are using Ubuntu 16.10 or newer, then you can easily install Python 3.6 with the following commands:

$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get install python3.6

3. If you're using another version of Ubuntu (e.g. the latest LTS release) or you want to use a more current Python, we recommend using the deadsnakes PPA to install Python 3.8:

$ sudo apt-get install software-properties-common

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:deadsnakes/ppa

$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get install python3.8

4. If you are using other Linux distribution, chances are you already have Python 3 pre-installed as well. If not, use your distribution's package manager. For example on Fedora, you would use dnf:

$ sudo dnf install python3


To see if pip is installed, open a command prompt and run:

$ command -v pip

Install and Use TermRecord on CentOS 8 - Do it now

This article Covers how to install the TermRecord application on CentOS 8. The TermRecord application allows you to better enjoy the recorded #Terminal content. 

TermRecord is a simple, open source, terminal session recorder with easy-to-share self-contained HTML output.

#TermRecord Stores these files as your own notes, email them to collaborators, use them as instructional examples, or whatever you wish.

TermRecord consumes output from the script command with timing information and can create a self-contained HTML file which replays the recorded session without needing to load anything from the web. 

These term sessions can be emailed and viewed on practically any device (including iPads etc.). 

The end user only needs a modern browser.


Features of TermRecord includes:

1. User friendly.

2. Detects the terminal size.

3. Nest sessions.

4. Cross-platform HTML-based output.

5. Stores the output as either JSON, embeddable JavaScript, or a static HTML file.

6. Written in Python.


To install on TermRecord #CentOS:

1. First of all, connect to your server via SSH and make sure that all of your system software is up to date. 

Run the following command to update the package list and upgrade all of your system software to the latest version available:

$ sudo yum update -y

2. Install Pip. 

Add the EPEL Repository:

$sudo yum install epel-release

Install pip:

$ sudo yum install python-pip

Once the installation has completed, you can verify that it was successful by using the following command:

$pip -V

3. Install TermRecord

Install TermRecord using the Python package manager (pip):

$sudo pip install TermRecord


How to use TermRecord on CentOS system ?

Taking a video of the terminal with TermRecord is rather simple, just run the following command (be attentive to capital letters):

TermRecord -o record.html

Note: We specify the output file in which the video will be recorded using the -o option. the .html format is the default format.

For more complex operations check out TermRecord --help

Install PostgreSQL in CentOS 8 - Step by Step Process ?

This article will cover how to install and remove the PostgreSQL server and create a database in PostgreSQL on CentOS 8. Also you will learn how to add tables in the database by using the SQL query.

PostgreSQL is available from CentOS 8's default AppStream software repository, and there are multiple versions which you can install. 

You can choose between these versions by enabling the appropriate collection of packages and dependencies that align with the version you want to install, with each collection referred to as a module stream.


To List out the available streams for the postgresql module using the dnf command:

$ dnf module list postgresql

Methods to Install Google Chrome on CentOS 8 ?

This article covers the different methods for the installation of Google Chrome on the CentOS 8 system using the terminal commands and graphical method. 

Once the installation of chrome is complete, now you can feel free to add chrome extensions and favorite themes from the web store of Google Chrome.


To install Google Chrome 78 on a RHEL/CentOS/Fedora Linux:

1. Open the Terminal application. Grab 64bit Google Chrome installer.

2. Type the following command to download 64 bit version of Google Chrome:

wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_x86_64.rpm

3. Install Google Chrome and its dependencies on a CentOS/RHEL, type:

sudo yum install ./google-chrome-stable_current_*.rpm

4. Start Google Chrome from the CLI:

google-chrome &


To upgrade Google Chrome from an older version:

You can simply update it by typing the following yum command:

$ sudo yum update google-chrome-stable

OR use the following dnf command to update it on a Fedora Linux:

$ sudo dnf update google-chrome-stable


To uninstall Chrome from Ubuntu:

1. Open the Terminal: It should be present on your desktop or taskbar.

2. Type sudo apt-get purge google-chrome-stable and press Enter to uninstall the Chrome browser.

3. Type sudo apt-get autoremove and press Enter to clean up the Package Manager to ensure that there are no lingering files.

Install MariaDB on CentOS 8 - Step by step process ?

This article will guide you on how to install MariaDB on your CentOS 8 system. Now you can create new databases and grant privileges to other database users. Also, you can add users and create new databases for web or desktop applications which will be written in PHP, Python, and so on.

In MariaDB replication is faster whereas in MySQL replication is slower. 

MariaDB is Open Source whereas MySQL uses some proprietary code in its Enterprise Edition. 

MariaDB doesn't support Data Masking and Dynamic column while MySQL supports it. Comparatively MariaDB is faster than MySQL.


To uninstall MariaDB and install mysql:

1. Purge mariadb sudo apt purge mariadb-* Remove all databases ('Yes' answer)

2. Purge mysql sudo apt purge mysql-*

3. Remove folders: sudo rm -r /usr/share/mysql/ sudo rm -r /etc/mysql/ sudo rm -r /lib/systemd/system/mysql.service.

4. Now you can try to install oracle mysql: sudo apt install mysql-server.

Perform SSH Installation And Configuration in CentOS

This article will guide you on the steps to install openssh server (sshd) and clients on CentOS Linux using the yum command. The #ssh #command provides a secure encrypted connection between two hosts over an insecure #network. This connection can also be used for #terminal access, file transfers, and for tunneling other applications. Graphical X11 applications can also be run securely over SSH from a remote location.

How to set up OpenVPN Server on CentOS 8 Server ?

In this article, you will learn how to set up an OpenVPN server on CentOS 8 Linux server.

The complete steps on how to add and create a Sudo User on CentOS Linux 8 sudoers

This article will guide you on how to add a new and existing user account to sudo in CentOS 8 by appending them to wheel group so that they can run admin commands.

Easy method to install and configure Squid Proxy on CentOS 7 Server

In this article, you will learn how to install Squid and steps to configure the Squid Proxy port and adjusting the access control list.

How to install 389 Directory Server to serve as LDAP Server for your CentOS 8 / RHEL 8 Machine?

This article will take you through the steps on how to install 389 Directory Server LDAP Server on CentOS/RHEL 8.

Learn how to set up NFS Server of CentOS 8 and RHEL 8

This article will show you how to install and configure an NFS Server on CentOS 8 Machine, Our Server Experts will take you through the steps to create files on both the NFS Server and Client and enable you share files efficiently between two or more systems.

How to install and configure CentOS 8 on VirtualBox

This article will guide you through the processes of Installing VirtualBox, CentOS 8 as a Virtual Machine (VM) on VirtualBox.

Method of installing MariaDB on CentOS 7

MariaDB is a very popular Database management system which is open source. It is well know as being stable and in this context , we will analyze how to get it running on your CentOS 7 Linux machine.

How to solve crash in virtual servers when running Xen 4.8 and later versions

Resolving the bug in Xen version 4.8 and later versions in CentOS and Ubuntu Based Linux Distribution by easy to use techniques and modifying the kernel parameters.

Disabling crashkernel on CentOS 7

Crashkernel feature uses up a useful amount of memory which is needed by the system itself. Therefore it is best to disable this feature to save up more memory for the System in general. Here is an easy procedure to Disable crashkernel in CentOS.

Easy way to free disk space on CentOS 7

The most effective method of clearing up disk space via the inbuilt resources in CentOS. This Tutorial will show you how to free up space in your CentOS machine Safely and effectively without loosing vital files.