The iostat command in Linux allows users to monitor system i/o statistics on the device. It is based on how long the devices are operating at the average baud rate to monitor the input/output of the system. Based on reports, system configurations can be changed to optimize CPU performance. This command is in the sysstat package.
Here at LinuxAPT, we shall look into how to use the iostat command in Linux.
Iostat Installation on Linux Systems:
iostat is a part of 'sysstat' package, we can install it on our system using the following command.
# yum install sysstat -y
$ sudo apt-get install sysstat -y
# dnf install sysstat -y
How to use iostat command ?
To display monitoring reports, run the below command:
In the output, you will see the CPU report and Device report.
iostat command Parameter:
- %user: % CPU usage
- %nice: % CPU usage with nice priority
- % system: % CPU usage at the system level
- %iowait: % of CPU time idle and system request i/o
- %steal: % virtual CPU waiting while another virtual processor is serving the hypervisor
- %idle: % CPU time idle and no system request i/o
- Device: the I/O device name
- tps: the transfers per second
- kB_read/s: the amount of data CPU read per second in kiloBytes (kB)
- kB_wrtn/s: the amount of data CPU written per second in kiloBytes (kB)
- kB_dscd/s: the rate of data CPU discarded per second in kiloBytes (kB)
- kB_read: the total number of blocks read
- kB_wrtn: the total number of blocks written
- kB_dscd: the total number of blocks discarded
What is the syntax of the iostat command ?
It is given below:
$ iostat [option] [device-name]
iostat command option:
1. -c: displaying summary of monitoring reports:
$ iostat -c
2. -d: displaying I/O devices report only:
$ iostat -d
3. -x: displaying the detailed report:
$ iostat -x
4. -m: displaying reports in MegaBytes:
$ iostat -m
5. -k: displaying reports in kiloBytes:
$ iostat -k
6. -p: displaying device block report:
$ iostat -p
[Need help in fixing Linux system issues ? We can help you. ]