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Install Tor on Ubuntu 20.04 - Step by step guide ?


Privacy is the main concern in today's world. The Tor Browser is a web browser that uses the Tor network to protect the privacy of your web traffic, making it simple to safeguard your online identity. When you browse the web with the Tor Browser, the connections you establish to the websites you visit are encrypted and secured from network surveillance and data-traffic analysis. There are a couple of drawbacks to utilizing the Tor Browser. Tor is slower than a conventional Internet connection for online browsing, and some well-known websites do not allow Tor users to access their sites. Tor is also prohibited by the governments of different countries in some parts of the world.

Here at LinuxAPT, we shall look into the installation of a tor browser on your Ubuntu 20.04 system.

Tor Browser is available for Linux, Macintosh, and Windows, and for mobile devices.


Different ways to install Tor Browser on Ubuntu 21.10

  • Tor browser Installation via GUI.
  • Tor Browser Installation via CLI using PPA Repository.


a. Tor browser Installation via GUI

You can launch the Tor browser using a graphical interface by downloading it from the App store for Ubuntu. When you first launch the Tor browser, it will be downloaded from https://www.torproject.org/ and extracted to ~/.local/share/torbrowser and then executed. 

Below are the steps to install the Tor browser from the GUI:

1. Search for the Tor browser

Open the App store on Ubuntu and in the search bar type "tor browser" and then click on the "tor Browser" option.

2. Install the Tor Browser

The install button is clicked to begin the installation.

3. Launch the Tor Browser

Open Activities and type "tor browser" in the search bar and click on the Tor Browser launcher icon.

Now another window will open, mark the check box if you want to download it over the system, and as it is not installed yet, click on "Install Tor Browser".


b. Tor Browser Installation via CLI using PPA Repository

1. Adding the PPA Repository

The Tor browser can be downloaded from the PPA repository. The PPA repository must be added to the Ubuntu system by the below-mentioned command:

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:micahflee/ppa

2. Install Tor Browser

Firstly, update the packages with the below-mentioned command:

$ sudo apt update

Now install the browser using the command mentioned below:

$ sudo apt install torbrowser-launcher

3. Launch Tor Browser

After the Tor browser launcher has been successfully downloaded and installed, you can launch it from the command line or the program menu.

The below-mentioned command will launch the Tor browser automatically.

$ torbrowser-launcher


How to uninstall tor from Ubuntu 21.10 ?

To uninstall only the tor package we can use the following command:

$ sudo apt-get remove tor

We can use the following command to remove tor configurations, data and all of its dependencies, we can use the following command:

$ sudo apt-get -y autoremove --purge tor


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Conclusion

This article covers how to install tor on Ubuntu 21.10. In fact, Tor is a connection-based low-latency anonymous communication system. Basically, Tor provides a distributed network of relays. Users bounce their TCP streams (web traffic, ftp, ssh, etc) around the relays, and recipients, observers, and even the relays themselves have difficulty learning which users connected to which destinations.


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