If you're going to be developing any PHP application, you're mostly going to need PHP installed. PHP is an open source server scripting language use for creating dynamic web applications and websites.
PHP has different versions and releases you can use.
Starting from the oldest that is currently supported – PHP 7.3, and onto PHP 7.4 and the latest – PHP 8.0. We'll include instructions for PHP XX, PHP XX.
We recommend that you install PHP 8.0 as it's stable and has lots of improvements and new features.
In this context, we shall look into how to install PHP on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04.
How to install PHP on Ubuntu ?
To perform this installation procedure, follow the steps below.
1. Install Apache2 Web Server
i. Run the command below to install Apache:
$ sudo apt install apache2
ii. After installing Apache2, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Apache2 service to always startup when the server boots up:
$ sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
$ sudo systemctl start apache2.service
$ sudo systemctl enable apache2.service
2. Install PHP and Related Modules
After installing Apache2 above, run the commands below to install PHP and related PHP modules.
There are many PHP modules that perform different functions. However, there are some important ones that are always needed when developing PHP based websites.
$ sudo apt-get install php libapache2-mod-php php-mcrypt php-cli php-mysql php-gd php-imagick php-recode php-tidy php-xmlrpc
This command will allow PHP to function with many popular PHP based websites and applications.
3. Configure Apache2 PHP Settings
Now that Apache2 and PHP are installed, you may want to configure Apache2 to use PHP properly.
The default Apache2 PHP configuration file is located at /etc/php/7.x/apache2/php.ini
The X in the location will be 0 or 1 depending on the php version installed.
i. Open PHP Apache2 configuration file by running the commands below:
$ sudo nano /etc/php/7.x/apache2/php.ini
ii. Then edit the file to suit your environments.
Some important lines to consider:
file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 64M
iii. Next, lookup Apache2 dir.conf file and confirm the line below:
DirectoryIndex index.html index.cgi index.pl index.php index.xhtml index.htm
# vim: syntax=apache ts=4 sw=4 sts=4 sr noet
If you don't see the index.php definition on the line, please add it and save the file.
iv. To Restart Apache2 and PHP services, execute the command:
$ sudo systemctl restart apache2.service
4. Test PHP Setup
Here, Apache2 and PHP should be installed and ready.
i. To test your Apache2 PHP settings, create a blank file with the line below:
$ sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php
ii. Then add the line in the file and save:
<?php phpinfo( ); ?>
iii. Save the file and open your browser and browse to the server name or IP address followed by phpinfo.php.
You should see a PHP Info page. If you do, then you're all good!