Apache is an open-source and cross-platform HTTP server that powers a large number of websites. Apache web server is the most widely-used web server in the world. It also has many powerful features, dynamically loadable modules with other popular software.
In this context, we shall look into how to install Apache web server on Debian 9.
How to Install Apache on Debian 9 ?
To start with this installation procedure, ensure that you use a non-root user account and make sure that you have full root access.
Apache installation is very easy because Apache is available in the default Debian repositories.
The follow the steps below to install Apache.
- Begin with updating the package index and then will install the apache2 package using below commands :
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install apache2
Here, we use sudo as command so these operations are executed with root privileges and it will prompt you to enter your regular user password to verify.
Once Apache is installed and it will start apache2 service automatically.
How to Adjust the Firewall ?
After Apache installation make sure that your firewall allows HTTP and HTTPS traffic.
i. You can check "WWW" profile enables traffic or not by typing :
$ sudo ufw app info "WWW Full"
Profile: WWW Full
Title: Web Server (HTTP,HTTPS)
Description: Web Server (HTTP,HTTPS)
ii. Then, Allow incoming HTTP and HTTPS traffic for this profile:
$ sudo ufw allow in "WWW Full"
How to Test Apache Installation ?
You can also check Apache status by execute below command :
$ sudo systemctl status apache2
It will show you output like below :
● apache2.service - The Apache HTTP Server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running) since Sat 2019-03-23 16:30:47 UTC; 13min ago
Main PID: 491 (apache2)
├─ 491 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
├─1723 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
└─1724 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
Another way to check is, open your web browser, type your server IP address or domain name http://YOUR_SERVER_IP and you will see the default Apache welcome page.
How to Manage Apache Processes ?
Now your web server is installed and up to run so we will see some basic management commands.
i. To stop Apache service you can run :
$ sudo systemctl stop apache2
ii. You can again start Apache service by type :
$ sudo systemctl start apache2
iii. To do Restart (stop and start) the Apache service:
$ sudo systemctl restart apache2
iv. If you have need to making configuration changes, Apache can reload without dropping connections. For this, use this command:
$ sudo systemctl reload apache2
v. If you want to disable the Apache service type:
$ sudo systemctl disable apache2
vi. To re-enable the service to start up at boot, type:
$ sudo systemctl enable apache2