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PHP is an open-source programming language used for web development, created by Rasmus Lerdorf. It is an HTML-embedded scripting language for creating dynamic web sites.

PHP 7.3 is the default version of PHP for installation on Debian 9 Stretch server. 

Here at LinuxAPT, as part of our Server Management Services, we regularly help our Customers to perform related PHP queries.

In this context, we shall look into how to install PHP 7.3 or 7.2 on Debian 9 system.


How to install PHP on Debian 9 Stretch ?

Before we begin this installation procedure, you need Debian 9 server with a non-root user account and make sure that you have full root access.

Then follow the steps given below.


1. Start by updating the apt package list and install the dependencies necessary to add a new repository over HTTPS:

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get upgrade

2. Let's execute the following commands to install the required packages first on your system:

$ sudo apt install ca-certificates apt-transport-https
$ wget -q https://packages.sury.org/php/apt.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -
$ echo "deb https://packages.sury.org/php/ stretch main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/php.list

Once your system is fully up to date, you can proceed to the next step.


How to install PHP 7.3 on Debian 9 ?

Now you can install latest version of PHP on your server. 

Run the following commands to install PHP 7.3 on Debian 9:

$ sudo apt install php7.3

We can extend the core functionality of PHP by installing additional extensions. PHP extensions are available as packages and can be easily install by following commands :

$ sudo apt install php7.3-cli php7.3-common php7.3-curl php7.3-mbstring php7.3-mysql php7.3-xml

Same way, you can install other versions of PHP on your server.


How to Install PHP 7.2 on Debian 9 ?

Run the following commands to install PHP 7.2 on Debian 9:

$ sudo apt install php7.2

To install php 7.2 modules, run following commands :

$ sudo apt install php7.2-cli php7.2-common php7.2-curl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-mysql php7.2-xml


How to Verify PHP Installation ?

You can verify php version by running the following command which will print the PHP version:

$ php -v

Then, you will get the following output:

PHP 7.3.3-1+0~20190307202245.32+stretch~1.gbp32ebb2 (cli) (built: Mar  7 2019 20:22:46) ( NTS )
 Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
 Zend Engine v3.3.3, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies
     with Zend OPcache v7.3.3-1+0~20190307202245.32+stretch~1.gbp32ebb2, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Technologies


How to Configure Apache to run PHP ?

If you are using Apache web server to install PHP then you need to install Apache PHP modules by following commands :

$ sudo apt install php7.3 libapache2-mod-php

After that, you need to restart Apache service to enable the php modules :

$ sudo systemctl restart apache2 


How to configure Nginx to run PHP ?

Since Nginx does not contain native PHP processing like some other web servers, so we will need to install fpm ("fastCGI process manager") which will handle PHP files:

$ sudo apt install php7.3-fpm

Once installation is complete the fpm service will start automatically. You can also check status by executing below command :

$ sudo systemctl status php7.3-fpm

Now edit your website nginx server block and add following lines to so Nginx can process PHP files :

server {
    #... other code
    location ~ \.php$ {
        include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;
    }
    #... other code
}

To take effect of new configuration need to restart Nginx service by following command :

$ sudo systemctl restart nginx


PHP Support for Web Server

Both Apache and Nginx do not support processing of PHP files by default when the browser requests the PHP page. Therefore, we need to install the PHP package on the server to support PHP files.


PHP Support for Apache

You can install a below package with Apache webserver to support PHP. This package provides the PHP modules for Apache 2 web server. Change PHP version, if required

$ sudo apt install -y apache2 libapache2-mod-php7.4


PHP Support for Ngnix

Nginx does not have a PHP modules package to support PHP. But, we can use the PHP FastCGI Process Manager to handle PHP requests. Change PHP version, if required

$ sudo apt install -y php7.4-fpm

Once you have installed FastCGI manager, add socket details in Nginx virtual host:

server {
# other codes
  location ~* \.php$ {
    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
    include         fastcgi_params;
    fastcgi_param   SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_param   SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
  }
}


[Need urgent assistance in fixing Nginx configuration errors? We can help you. ]


Conclusion


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