PrestaShop is an open-source e-commerce solution that allows you to maintain your own online shop. Its PrestaShop is 100% free. This software is published under the Open Software License (OSL). It is written in PHP programming language with support for the MySQL database management system. More than 250,000 e-commerce sites run on PrestaShop. It supports many different payment gateway systems like PayPal, Google Checkout, etc.
Here at LinuxAPT, as part of our Server Management Services, we regularly help our Customers to perform related PrestaShop queries.
In this context, we shall look into how to install PrestaShop on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.
Steps to Install and Configure PrestaShop on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa
1. Perform System Update
First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt upgrade
2. Install LAMP stack
This installation requires a LAMP server. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.
3. Install PrestaShop on the system
Now we run the commands below to download the latest version of PrestaShop:
$ wget https://download.prestashop.com/download/releases/prestashop_18.104.22.168.zip
$ unzip prestashop_22.214.171.124.zip -d /var/www/html
We will need to change some folders permissions:
$ sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/prestashop/
$ sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/prestashop/
4. Configure MariaDB for PrestaShop
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the PrestaShop. Run the following command:
$ mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for PrestaShop installation:
CREATE DATABASE prestashopdb;
CREATE USER 'prestashopuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'Your-Passwd';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON `prestashopdb`.* TO 'prestashopuser'@'localhost';
5. Configure Apache web server for PrestaShop
Here, we will Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named 'prestashop.conf' on your virtual server:
$ touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/prestashop.conf
$ ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/prestashop.conf $ /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/prestashop.conf
$ nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/prestashop.conf
Add the following lines:
allow from all
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
Now, we can restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:
$ sudo a2enmod rewrite
$ sudo a2ensite prestashop.conf
$ sudo systemctl restart apache2.service
6. Set up HTTPS
We should enable a secure HTTPS connection on PrestaShop. We can obtain a free TLS certificate from Let’s Encrypt. Install Let’s Encrypt client (certbot) from Ubuntu 20.04 repository:
$ sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache
Next, run the following command to obtain a free TLS certificate using the Apache plugin:
$ sudo certbot --apache --agree-tos --redirect --staple-ocsp --email email@example.com -d example.com
If the test is successful, reload Apache for the change to take effect:
$ sudo apache2ctl -t
$ sudo systemctl reload apache2
How to access PrestaShop Web Interface ?
PrestaShop will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to https://your-domain.com/ or https://server-ip-address/ and complete the required steps to finish the installation.
If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
[Need assistance in configuring PrestaShop on your Linux server ? We can help you. ]